From the earliest years, the Englishman Joseph Rosenthal was the main camera operator for Charles Urban and the Warwick production company. He shot films in many British colonies, particularly in conflict zones involving the mother country (Australia, the Boer War in South Africa, etc). From August 1902 to 1903 he worked in Canada, shooting nearly thirty documentaries either for Canadian Pacific Railway or in collaboration with the company. Some of his films were included in the “Living Canada” series. His most well-known Canadian film is Hiawatha, the Messiah of the Ojibway (1903), which documents the pageants held every year in Desbarats, Ontario.