Historical Timeline

Cinema in Canada

-- 1894 The Edison Kinetoscope
  Ottawa’s Holland Brothers display the Edison Kinetoscope at the offices of the Montreal Daily Star.

 
Montreal Daily Star, 21 December 1894, p. 4

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Source : Collection GRAFICS
 
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-- 1895 Arrival of the Cinématographe
  Lumière Company representatives organize the first Canadian Cinématographe screenings.

 
La Patrie, 29 June 1896, p. 4

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1902 The Filming of Living Canada
  British camera operators begin filming the Living Canada series for the Canadian Pacific Railway.

 
Living Canada production crew, including F. Guy Bradford (left) and Joseph Rosenthal (right)

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0368.PH.01
 
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-- 1906 The Ouimetoscope
  Léo-Ernest Ouimet inaugurates the Ouimetoscope and shoots the first Quebec-made films.

 
Façade of the first Ouimetoscope (1906-1907)

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0197.PH.02
 
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-- 1912 The Battle of the Long Sault
  BRIAM shoots the The Battle of the Long Sault at Châteauguay.

 
La Patrie, 28 December 1912, p. 6

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1913 Censorship
  The Board of Censors of Moving Pictures carries out the inspection of films released in the province of Quebec.

 
La Patrie, 18 April 1913, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1917 Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau
  Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau founded.

 
Filming of one of CGMPB’s renowned scenic films

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0872.PH.01
 
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-- 1918 British-Canadian Pathé News
  Léo-Ernest Ouimet launches the first Canadian newsreel, the British-Canadian Pathé News.

 
British-Canadian Pathé News title card

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0353.PH.01
 
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-- 1920 Associated Screen News
  Founding of the Associated Screen News, which remained the largest studio in Quebec for several decades.

 
Canadian Moving Picture Digest,9 July 1927, p. 18

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Source : Collection GRAFICS
 
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-- 1922 Madeleine de Verchères
  Filming of Joseph-Arthur Homier’s Madeleine de Verchères.

 
Advertising leaflet

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1982.0120.46.AR
 
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-- 1923 Ouimet in Hollywood
  Léo-Ernest Ouimet supervises the filming of Why Get Married in Hollywood.

 
The Axe News,8 February 1924, p. 6

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1927 Laurier Palace Tragedy
  Seventy-eight children perish in the Laurier Palace fire in Montreal.

 
La Patrie, 10 January 1927, p. 1.

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1928 The Talkies
  On September 1, 1928, the Montreal Palace becomes the first Canadian movie theatre to convert to “talkies” and sound cinema.

 
Le Petit Journal, 2 September 1928, p. 6

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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International Cinema News

-- 1894 Premiere of Edison Kinetoscope
  In April, Ottawa’s Holland brothers present the first Kinetoscopes in a New York arcade.

 
Thomas Edison’s letter of congratulation to the Holland brothers

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 2003.0122.17.02.AR
 
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-- 1895 The Beginnings of the Cinématographe
  The first paying public projection of the Lumière Cinématographe is held in December in Paris.

 
The Lumière Cinématographe, with base and lantern

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1995.0218.01-17.AP.11
 
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-- 1897 Bazar de la Charité Fire
  129 people die when a projector sets off a fire at the Bazar de la Charité in Paris.

 
Le Monde illustré, 29 May 1897, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1905 Max Linder
  Max Linder, the first comic film star, begins his screen career.

 
Max fait de la photo (Max Takes a Picture)(Lucien Nonguet, Pathé Frères, 1913), poster

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 2006.0213.AF
 
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-- 1905 The Nickelodeons
  Five-cent movie halls, dubbed “nickelodeons”, open across Canada and the United States.

 
L’Album,October 1912, p. 15

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1908 Edison Trust
  The Edison Trust is created in the United States.

 
Banquet celebrating the formation of the Edison Trust.
Léo-Ernest Ouimet can be seen at the centre of the photograph.

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0348.PH.01
 
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-- 1910 French Domination
  The French company Pathé dominates the world film market.

 
The Pathé rooster displayed on the front of Specialty Film Import’s Montreal office(1918)

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1999.0350.PH.01
 
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-- 1911 Hollywood
  Located northwest of Los Angeles, the town of Hollywood welcomes its first movie studios.

 
Le Panorama,Vol. 2, no. 2, November 1920, p. 2

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1914 Charlie Chaplin
  Charles Chaplin begins his film career at Mack Sennett’s Keystone Studio.

 
Still image from Getting Acquainted (Keystone, 1914) film set, starring Charles
Chaplin, Mack Swain, Phyllis Allen and Mabel Normand

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1994.4339.PH.01
 
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-- 1915 The Birth of a Nation
  Release of The Birth of a Nation feature film, directed by D.W. Griffith.

 
La Patrie, 27 September 1915, p. 6

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1919 Cinema in the U.S.S.R.
  Lenin states that cinema “is the most important art”.

 
Battleship Potemkin (Sergei M. Eisenstein, 1925), still image

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 1994.0047.PH.03
 
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-- 1925 Greta Garbo in Hollywood
  Swedish actress Greta Garbo arrives in Hollywood.

 
Le Petit Journal, 26 février 1928, p. 7

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1926 Death of Rudolph Valentino
  Movie fans around the world are shocked by the sudden death of Rudolph Valentino.

 
The Daily World, 25 August 1926, p. 12

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1927 Metropolis
  Release of the German science-fiction film Metropolis, directed by Fritz Lang.

 
La Patrie, 8 October 1927, p. 37

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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Canadian and International News

-- 1899 The Boer War
  Combat begins between the British army and Boer settlers in South Africa. The conflict will drag on until 1902.

 
La Patrie, 25 November 1899, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1901 Death of Queen Victoria
  Queen Victoria dies during her sixty-fourth year of rule.

 
La Patrie, 22 January 1901, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1907 Quebec Bridge Collapses
  Quebec Bridge collapses during construction. A second collapse will take place in 1916.

 
La Patrie, 30 August 1907, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1912 Titanic
  More than 1300 people die when the Titanic sinks off the coast of Newfoundland.

 
La Patrie, 16 April 1912, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1914 Empress of Ireland
  More than 1000 people die when the Empress of Ireland sinks off Rimouski.

 
La Patrie, 29 May 1914, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1914 First World War
  Beginning of the First World War, which led to nearly twenty million dead and wounded before the 1918 armistice.

 
Quebec Chronicle,5 August 1914, p. 1.

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1917 Russian Revolution
  The Communists seize power during the October Revolution.

 
Quebec Chronicle, 9 November 1917, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1919 Death of Wilfrid Laurier
  Wilfrid Laurier, the first French-Canadian prime minister of Canada, dies on February 17, 1919.

 
La Patrie, 17 February 1919, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1922 Mussolini
  The fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini seizes power in Italy.

 
La Patrie,31 October 1922, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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-- 1925 Art Deco
  The International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts is held in Paris.

 
Located on St-Denis Street, the Chateau was one of Montreal’s first movie theatres to adopt the new “modern” style

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Source : Cinémathèque québécoise, 2001.2487.PH.01
 
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-- 1929 Stock Market Crash
  The collapse of the stock market in October marks the beginning of several years of economic crisis.

 
La Patrie, 29 October 1929, p. 1

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Source : Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
 
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